vgg的基础结构

vggnet的基础知识

作用

"vggnet"
"vggnet_network"
vggnet_16 可以从d列看出。
以vgg_16为例,vgg处理过程可以看作

  • 输入224x224x3的图片,经过64个卷积核的两次卷积后,采用一次pooling。经过第一次卷积后,c1有(3x3x3)个可训练参数
  • 之后又经过两次128的卷积核卷积之后,采用一次pooling
  • 再经过三次256的卷积核的卷积之后,采用pooling
  • 重复两次三个512的卷积核卷积之后再pooling。
  • 三次Fc

数据预处理

训练数据预处理

随机生成一个最短边的长度resize_side,范围在[256,512]
对图像进行等比例变换,使最短边的大小等于resize_side
对图像进行随机裁剪,大小为output_height × output_width
水平翻转
减去ImageNet训练集的RGB均值

预测数据预处理

给定最短边长度resize_side
对图像进行等比例变换,使最短边的大小等于resize_side
对图像进行中心裁剪,大小为output_height × output_width
减去ImageNet训练集的RGB均值

模型建立

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'''VGG11/13/16/19 in Pytorch.'''
import torch
import torch.nn as nn
from torch.autograd import Variable

cfg = {
'VGG11': [64, 'M', 128, 'M', 256, 256, 'M', 512, 512, 'M', 512, 512, 'M'],
'VGG13': [64, 64, 'M', 128, 128, 'M', 256, 256, 'M', 512, 512, 'M', 512, 512, 'M'],
'VGG16': [64, 64, 'M', 128, 128, 'M', 256, 256, 256, 'M', 512, 512, 512, 'M', 512, 512, 512, 'M'],
'VGG19': [64, 64, 'M', 128, 128, 'M', 256, 256, 256, 256, 'M', 512, 512, 512, 512, 'M', 512, 512, 512, 512, 'M'],
}


# 模型需继承nn.Module
class VGG(nn.Module):
# 初始化参数:
def __init__(self, vgg_name):
super(VGG, self).__init__()
self.features = self._make_layers(cfg[vgg_name])
self.classifier = nn.Linear(512, 10)

# 模型计算时的前向过程,也就是按照这个过程进行计算
def forward(self, x):
out = self.features(x)
out = out.view(out.size(0), -1)
out = self.classifier(out)
return out

def _make_layers(self, cfg):
layers = []
in_channels = 3
for x in cfg:
if x == 'M':
layers += [nn.MaxPool2d(kernel_size=2, stride=2)]
else:
layers += [nn.Conv2d(in_channels, x, kernel_size=3, padding=1),
nn.BatchNorm2d(x),
nn.ReLU(inplace=True)]
in_channels = x
layers += [nn.AvgPool2d(kernel_size=1, stride=1)]
return nn.Sequential(*layers)

net = VGG('VGG16')
x = torch.randn(2,3,32,32)

# print(net(Variable(x)).size())

print(net)

模型展示

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VGG(
(features): Sequential(
(0): Conv2d(3, 64, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(1): BatchNorm2d(64, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(2): ReLU(inplace=True)
(3): Conv2d(64, 64, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(4): BatchNorm2d(64, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(5): ReLU(inplace=True)
(6): MaxPool2d(kernel_size=2, stride=2, padding=0, dilation=1, ceil_mode=False)
(7): Conv2d(64, 128, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(8): BatchNorm2d(128, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(9): ReLU(inplace=True)
(10): Conv2d(128, 128, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(11): BatchNorm2d(128, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(12): ReLU(inplace=True)
(13): MaxPool2d(kernel_size=2, stride=2, padding=0, dilation=1, ceil_mode=False)
(14): Conv2d(128, 256, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(15): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(16): ReLU(inplace=True)
(17): Conv2d(256, 256, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(18): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(19): ReLU(inplace=True)
(20): Conv2d(256, 256, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(21): BatchNorm2d(256, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(22): ReLU(inplace=True)
(23): MaxPool2d(kernel_size=2, stride=2, padding=0, dilation=1, ceil_mode=False)
(24): Conv2d(256, 512, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(25): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(26): ReLU(inplace=True)
(27): Conv2d(512, 512, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(28): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(29): ReLU(inplace=True)
(30): Conv2d(512, 512, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(31): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(32): ReLU(inplace=True)
(33): MaxPool2d(kernel_size=2, stride=2, padding=0, dilation=1, ceil_mode=False)
(34): Conv2d(512, 512, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(35): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(36): ReLU(inplace=True)
(37): Conv2d(512, 512, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(38): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(39): ReLU(inplace=True)
(40): Conv2d(512, 512, kernel_size=(3, 3), stride=(1, 1), padding=(1, 1))
(41): BatchNorm2d(512, eps=1e-05, momentum=0.1, affine=True, track_running_stats=True)
(42): ReLU(inplace=True)
(43): MaxPool2d(kernel_size=2, stride=2, padding=0, dilation=1, ceil_mode=False)
(44): AvgPool2d(kernel_size=1, stride=1, padding=0)
)
(classifier): Linear(in_features=512, out_features=10, bias=True)
)